Causes & Signs of Gum Disease

A key factor in diagnosing and treating gum disease early is recognizing the signs. While our dentists will check your mouth during your exams for signs of periodontal disease, you should also take care to monitor your oral health at home so you can recognize if something may be amiss.

Causes of Gum Disease

Gum disease is caused by harmful bacteria trapped in plaque. As this plaque hardens into calculus (tartar), the disease becomes more established in your mouth, and will lead to gum attachments separating from your teeth and created pockets that harbor these harmful bacteria. If untreated, gum disease may eventually become irreversible and lead to significant problems, such as tooth loss, bone loss and gum recession.

There are several factors which increase your risk of developing gum disease, including:

  • Smoking and the use of other tobacco products
  • Not brushing or flossing regularly
  • A family history of gum disease
  • Systemic health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, etc.
  • Pregnancy

Signs of Gum Disease

Common signs of gum disease include:

  • Easy bleeding of the gums, especially when flossing, brushing or eating hard foods
  • Red, swollen and tender gums
  • Gum recession
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • Pus between your gums and teeth
  • Sores in your mouth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Changes in the fit of oral appliances
  • Changes in your bite

If you notice any of these signs, please speak with our dentists, periodontist and team. We will check your mouth for periodontal disease and make recommendations to treat the condition as well as improve your oral hygiene routine at home.

Preventing Gum Disease

The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene at home. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day. Ideally, you should brush after each meal and before going to bed at night. You should also floss daily, and visit our dentists and team at least twice each year to receive routine preventive care.

Make Your Appointment

To schedule a consultation with Dr. Jorge Reyes or Dr. Samuel Lee and learn more about treating gum disease in Escondido, California, call TLC Escondido Dental today at 760-741-5775.